Dynamic Platform To Recreate An Osteoarthritic 3D In Vitro Model

last updated: 2017-06-27
ProjectPOLARIS :: publications list
TitleDynamic Platform To Recreate An Osteoarthritic 3D In Vitro Model
Publication TypeConference Abstract -ISI Web of Science Indexed
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsCanadas R. F., Marques A. P., Oliveira J. M., Reis R. L., and Demirci U.

Osteoarthritis (OA), a prevalent chronic condition with a striking impact on life quality, represents an enormous societal burden that increases greatly as populations’ age. Yet no approved pharmacological intervention, biologic therapy or procedure prevents the progressive destruction of the OA joint. Based on bilayered structures that have been previously suggested for osteochondral (OC) applications (Oliveira et al 2006) and on the potential of  methacrylated gelatin (GelMA) and methacrylated gellan gum (MAGG) for different tissue engineering applications (Silva-Correia et al 2013, Tasoglu et al 2014), we set a dynamic platform for the in vitro recreation of an OA 3D in vitro model. Since OA is an inflammatory and degenerative disorder affecting cartilage and subchondral bone, we created 6 hybrid formulations recreating a 3D controlled subchondral bone and cartilage integrated microenvironment. Fat pad adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) were isolated from Hoffa’s body obtained from healthy Patients, characterized by flow cytometry and their performance in the developed 3D structures assessed. GelMA formulation showed the best cell adhesion and proliferation, but the life-time of this one in culture is shorter due to the faster degradation in vitro comparing to MAGG based structures. According to this we proceeded with the best hybrid formulation, GelMA-MAGG 2:1, for OC co-differentiation using a dual-chamber bioreactor designed for the establishment of co-cultures in a single 3D structure (Canadas et al 2014). This approach solved challenges of 3D cell culture in interfaced tissues as OC and will ultimately be used for OA in vitro modeling.

JournalTissue Engineering Part A
Conference NameTERMIS-AM 2016
Date Published2016-12-01
PublisherMary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Conference LocationSan Diego
Keywords3D, dynamic, In Vitro Model, Osteochondral
Peer reviewedyes

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