Synovial Knee Joint

last updated: 2017-01-12
TitleSynovial Knee Joint
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsOliveira I. M., Gonçalves C., Dr. Oliveira J. M., and Reis R. L.
EditorsDr. Oliveira J. M., and Reis R. L.
Abstract Text

The knee is a synovial knee joint that allows flexion, extension and also a slight ability to rotate medially and laterally, being able to move on two planes, being known as a modified hinge joint. The main features of a synovial joint are the articulating cartilage, the joint capsule, the joint cavity, the bursae and the ligaments. The joint capsule is composed by the synovium and a fibrous capsule, keeping the synovial fluid that fills the joint cavity inside the joint. The most common injuries or diseases that affects this complex biomechanical system are arthritis, bursitis and dislocations. In fact, the synovium the central area of pathology in a number of inflammatory joint diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA).  

Book TitleRegenerative Strategies for the Treatment of Knee Joint Disabilities
Volume21
ChapterII
Pagination21-28
Date2016-09-27
PublisherSpringer
ISSN1868-2006
ISBN 978-3-319-44785-8
DOI10.1007/978-3-319-44785-8_2
URLhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-44785-8_2
KeywordsBiomaterials, biomedical engineering, Knee joint, regenerative medicine
RightsclosedAccess
Peer reviewedyes
Statuspublished

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