In Situ Functionalization of Wet-Spun Fibre meshes for Bone Tissue Engineering

last updated: 2013-02-25
TitleIn Situ Functionalization of Wet-Spun Fibre meshes for Bone Tissue Engineering
Publication TypePapers in Scientific Journals
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsLeonor I. B., Rodrigues M. T., Gomes M. E., and Reis R. L.

Bone tissue engineering success strongly depends on our ability to develop new materials combining osteoconductive, osteoinductive and osteogenic properties. Recent studies suggest that biomaterials incorporating silanol (Si-OH) groups promote and maintain osteogenesis. The purpose of the present research work was to provide evidence that using wet-spinning technologies and a calcium silicate solution as a coagulation bath, it was possible to develop an in situ functionalization methodology to obtain 3D wet-spun fibre meshes with Si-OH groups, through a simple, economic and reliable process. SPCL (blend of starch with polycaprolactone) fibre meshes were produced by wet-spinning, using a calcium silicate solution as a non-solvent and functionalized in situ with Si-OH groups. In vitro tests, using goat bone marrow stromal cells (GBMSCs), showed that SPCL-Si scaffolds sustained cell viability and proliferation. Furthermore, high ALP activity and matrix production indicated that Si-OH groups improve cellular functionality towards the osteoblastic phenotype. Using this methodology, and assembling several wet-spun fibre meshes, 3D meshes can be developed, aiming at designing osteoconductive/osteoinductive 3D structures capable of stimulating bone ingrowth in vivo. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

JournalJournal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Date Published2011-02-01
Keywordsbiodegradable scaffolds, Bone Tissue Engineering, marrow stromal cells, osteoconductive, silanol groups, wet-spinning
Peer reviewedyes

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